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Analytical Chemistry

Mar 30

Analytical Chemistry

Research and findings in the field of analytical chemistry are massively influential in other fields of science and society, as it's contributed to the development of environmental corrections and diagnosing health problems.

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What is Analytical Chemistry? - Definition & Impact

To begin to understand the concept of analytical chemistry, it is essential to grasp chemistry in its simplest form it is the study of matter since analytical chemistry is a discipline within the field of study.

Analytical chemistry is the qualitative and quantitative study of matter, i.e. what's present and the amount. This definition of analytical chemical is one of the reasons why some argue the analytical field isn't a subject of chemistry. It's actually the identical, according to David Harvey, a professor of chemistry at DePauw University.


Harvey clarifies, however, that analytical chemistry isn't exactly the identical since analytical chemists do not perform routine analyses on standard samples. An analytical chemist is that process of "improving established methods, extending existing methods to new types of samples, and developing new methods for measuring chemical phenomena."


In the simplest sense analytical chemistry defines what is the subject matter and how much (the mass) of said matter exists.

Analytical Chemistry's Impact

The discipline of analytical chemistry is extremely influential in our perception of the physical world as well as to the development of other scientists' studies. The research provides the world with knowledge and tools for deeper understanding of physical objects, which, in turn, has had a phenomenal impact on the world of.


For instance, a fas-sudden breakthrough was a way for doctors to diagnose or see the signs of a potential diagnosis of diabetes through the measure of glucose.

What is an Example of Analytical Chemistry?

We can illustrate the analytical chemistry with an example from a paper published of the U.S. Department of Commerce regarding an overseas U.S. Air Force base which uses powdered milk in meals.


Powdered milk has to be rehydrated. This base made use of the local water. It also received complaints of milk that tasted foul, finding that something is making the water taste bad. Analytical chemists are able to analyze the water by identifying the contaminants present in the water and in turn, identifying the cause of pollution.


The analytical chemist's job is to devise an effective method to separate the chemical compounds present in water. For instance the high-performance liquid chromatography technique can determine pollutants in liquids. In the end, scientist's findings proved that upstream chemical plants caused the polluted water.

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What are Analytical Chemists doing?

In the modern era of analytical chemistry, analytical chemists solve problems by measuring the chemical composition of chemical compounds by qualitative and quantitative analysis. Their objective is to address these four questions regarding an element: How does it work? Where is it? What amount is there? And what is its structure and composition?

Process of Analysis

The typical process of analytical sciences is a five-step approach. These steps include finding, designing, testing with, analyzing and sharing the result.

1. Identify

The identification phase is the procedure by which an analytic chemist identifying the problem they're trying solve. It also entails selecting the kind of test to use, i.e., qualitative or quantitative, structure or fundamental.


At this point, chemical analysts determine the required accuracy of their results, the budget, and the period of time.

2. Design

The process of designing the experiment involves choosing a strategy, method and sample. One important factor a chemical analyst needs to know is the tools and methods already in use for the challenge they're seeking to solve.

3. Experiment

After identifying the issue and designing the experiment, the chemical analyst performs their experiments with the right equipment and instruments in their laboratory.


Experiments requiring separation of chemicals could require distillation, precipitation solvent extraction, solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography or electrochemical analysis. At this point it is the intention to gather data from the experiment.

4. Analyze Data

Next, the chemical analyst analyzes the data using statistical analysis to determine its validity, accuracy verification and limitations, as well as interpreting their findings to the client. The analyst repeats the first step, the third and fourth steps to verify the solution.

Types of Chemical Analyst Employers

Several sectors employ analytical chemists. one of the most sought-after fields are:


  • Pharmaceutical companies

  • Government agencies

  • Industrial industry

  • Testing labs

  • Industry of Biological

  • Environmental sector

  • Drug manufacturing companies

  • Energy and Petrochemical companies

  • Non-profit organisation

Typical Hours of Work

Chemical analysts are constantly in the laboratory environment in a lab environment, and work 40 hours per week or more. One responsibility of analytical chemists is meeting deadlines, which may require working over 40 hours per week.

Chemical Analyst Average Salary

As per GlassDoor GlassDoor, an analytical chemist makes an average annually of $52k the wages for positions at the top and leadership positions range between an average of $86,143 and $89,451.

How Many Years Does it Take to Study Analytical Chemistry?

Aspiring analytical chemists should attain a bachelor's degree in engineering, biochemistry, or chemical science. Additionally, they must conduct assisted research and complete an internship in chemical science.


Chemists who graduate from a four-year college are well on their journey to becoming a chemical engineer. But, those who wish to research or desire a higher average salary should consider continuing higher studies for a master's.


  • High School diploma

  • Bachelor's degree, with a focus or courses in math, chemistry, physics, etc.

  • Laboratory technician or research internship in a laboratory environment

  • Masters or Ph.D. to teach or work for companies that deal in analytical chemistry like labs for analytical chemistry in South Africa

  • Join a scientific association to stay up to date in the scientific community like ACS Chemists (American Chemical Society).

Skills & Knowledge

  • Advanced general and organic chemistry knowledge

  • Mathematics (Calculus)

  • Computer skills and engineering

  • Mass spectroscopy

  • High-performance liquid chromatography

  • Advanced communication abilities

  • Thinking, logic and solving problems

  • Analytical techniques

  • Analysis of data

  • Analysis of gravity


The duration of studying in order to be an analytic chemist is approximately four to five years. You can add an additional two to six years for a master's or Ph.D.

Final Thoughts: What is Analytical Chemistry in Simple Terms?

Analytical chemistry is a discipline in the field of chemistry. It is the process of defining matter by defining its characteristics and the amount of it that exists. It is a multifaceted career for chemists that seek to develop the science field and further understand properties in our physical universe.