Weekly Power and Local weather Information Roundup #428

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Weekly Energy and Climate News Roundup #428

The week that was: 2020-10-24 (October 24, 2020)
Presented by SEPP (www.SEPP.org)
The science and environmental project

Quote of the week:: Holmes: I don't have any data yet. It is a big mistake to theorize before you have data. Imperceptibly, one begins to twist facts to fit theories rather than theories that fit the facts. “- Sir Arthur Conan Doyles A scandal of 1891 in Bohemia (H / t James Randi)

Number of the week: 251.9 million years ago

THIS WEEK:

By Ken Haapala, President of the Science and Environment Policy Project (SEPP)

Atmospheric measurements? The generally accepted standard for atmospheric carbon dioxide measurements is that of the Mauna Loa Observatory in Hawaii, operated by NOAA. Kenneth Richard writes in the No Tricks Zone: "Is this the best place to measure global CO2 levels?"

This may be an appropriate location provided the MPAA carefully keeps the records. Unfortunately, NOAA has not carefully maintained US surface temperatures, which were once the gold standard.

In addition to Mauna Loa, NOAA has observatories in Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow) Alaska, the northernmost point in the USA. American Samoa in the middle of the South Pacific; and the South Pole Observatory. According to the NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory website:

“We are confident that the CO2 measurements taken at the Mauna Loa Observatory reflect the truth about our global atmosphere. The main reasons for this trust are:

“The observatory near the summit of Mauna Loa at 3400 m altitude is well located to measure air masses that are representative of very large areas.

“All measurements are calibrated strictly and very frequently.

"Ongoing comparisons of independent measurements in the same location allow an estimate of accuracy that is generally better than 0.2 ppm."

It is strange. NOAA's carbon dioxide readings are at 3400 meters (11,150 feet) to ensure they have large masses of air and represent large areas. However, NOAA's global climate modelers use highly localized surface temperature data (around shoulder height) to make model estimates of the impact of CO2. The NOAA modelers ignore the temperature trends of the mass atmosphere that have been created for over 40 years, in which CO2 is measured and in which the greenhouse effect occurs.

In discussing the background to CO2 levels, two sets of data are presented on the NOAA website: 1) air that has been artificially dried from any water vapor; and 2) air with 3% water vapor. When John Tyndall began his experiments in 1859, he realized that water vapor is the dominant greenhouse gas, keeping the world significantly warmer than usual at night. However, the NOAA modelers use artificially dried air to calculate the impact of CO2 and other greenhouse gases . See links under Measurement Problems – Surface and Measurement Problems – Atmosphere.

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Weather – Political Football: Last week, TWTW discussed a new report from the UN Bureau of Disaster Risk Reduction, which stated that climate disasters have doubled in the past 20 years (2000-2019). Unfortunately, TWTW did not provide a link to the report and is now doing so. One of the topics listed on the report's website is 'Advocacy & Media'. This topic sums up the report well. Their purpose is to promote the hazards of human carbon dioxide emissions, whether or not such hazards exist.

Last week, Eric Worrall, who wrote in Watts Up With That, had a good look at some of the flaws in the report on flooding in Asia, particularly China. This week, Paul Homewood addresses shortcomings in the US tornado report. This week, Paul Homewood is comparing the Center for Research into the Epidemiology of Disaster Research – CRED Tornado Claims, the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT) to the annual number of tornadoes in the U.S. sustained by NOAA from 1954 to 2014. Although modern instruments are capable of recording a tornado than in the past, the annual count shows no trend.

Not discussed by Homewood, the U.S. annual count of strong to violent tornadoes (F3 +) from 1954 to 2014 does not show a strong trend either, but it could be argued that violent tornadoes are on the decline. The worst year by far was 1974. In addition, 1957, 1961, 1965, 1971 and 1973 had as many or more violent tornadoes than 2011, which had the highest number after 1974. As Homewood concludes:

“Remember that EM-DAT also records tiny events that, for example, only affect 100 people. Virtually every tornado that crosses a populated area will fall under this definition.

“And of course, the NOAA chart above confirms that the number of tornadoes has decreased rather than increased.

"The EM-DAT database is clearly worthless and should not be used to compare long-term trends."

It is worth remembering that the Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) became a Collaborating Center of the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1980. See links under Challenging Orthodoxy, Defending Orthodoxy and https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/climate-information/extreme-events/us-tornado-climatology/trends.

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Why normalize When economists compare different years or periods, they like to normalize themselves in order to bring things into a normal state of affairs. In other words, trends are best identified on the basis that everything else is the same. This does not necessarily mean that there is a static state. As noted earlier, economist Joseph Schumpeter believed that the normal state of a competitive economy is change – creative destruction. By creating improvements, newly formed processes and companies overcome the dominant positions of older ones. There normalization includes comparing similar to similar or apples to apples. The shortcomings of the report discussed above are the failure to normalize the two periods at a time when people's wealth was growing rapidly. According to Our World in Data, based on World Bank data, the number of people living in extreme poverty in 1990 was 1.9 billion, 36% of the world's population. By 2015, the number had dropped to 730 million, which is about 10% of the world's population. The CRED report failed to see the impact.

Prior to the CRED report, Roger Pielke Jr. acknowledged that the IPCC produces credible reports of extreme weather events. For example, it often recognized the United Nations' Fifth IPCC Assessment Report (AR5, 2013) for trying to normalize changes, which the CRED report did not. In August, the journal Environmental Hazards published a paper by Pielke, completed in July, entitled “Economic“ Normalization ”of Disaster Damage 1998–2020: A Literature Review and Evaluation.“ The summary explains why a normalization of economic losses is necessary.

“Nowadays, after any weather disaster, estimates of economic loss are quick to follow. The quick blame for these losses, or part of them, is often attributed to claims of more frequent or more intense weather events. However, it is difficult to understand what role climate change could have played in increasing weather-related catastrophe losses, as society is changing dramatically alongside climate change. Increasing development and wealth affect exposure and susceptibility to loss – usually increasing exposure while decreasing susceptibility. In the last few decades a scientific literature has emerged that tries to adapt historical economic damage caused by extreme weather in order to remove the influences of social change from time series of economic losses and to estimate what losses past extreme events would cause under today's social conditions. In regions with broad risk of loss, unbiased economic normalization reveals trends that are consistent with corresponding climatological trends in related extreme events and provides an independent review of normalization results. This paper reviews 54 normalization studies published in 1998-2020 and there is little evidence to support the claim that some of the increase in global economic losses documented on climate time scales is due to man-made climate change, which is the conclusions of the most recent assessments affirms Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. " (Bold added)

In the introduction section of the paper, Pielke claims:

“To successfully apply normalization methods, it is important to understand the relationships between economic loss, changing patterns of societal vulnerability and exposure, and trends in frequency and extreme weather events. (IPCC 2012 …) ”

The 2012 paper is titled: "Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Adaptation to Climate Change." The paragraph continues:

It is important to emphasize that one should not look for direct clues to changes in the frequency of weather events in economic loss data – normalized or not – climate data will always serve this purpose better. However, since normalization studies aim to eliminate the effects of changing societal factors in a historical loss record and adjust the data to a common base year, Trends in normalized losses should be consistent with trends in related weather extremes. Consequently, climatic data provides an important independent review of normalization results. " (Bold added)

The new CRED report, part of the United Nations World Health Organization, failed to normalize its results, standardize reported events, and ignored an important independent review of its results. See links under Challenging Orthodoxy.

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"Correct" environmental protection: The American Institute for Economic Research (AIER) was founded in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, in 1933 to promote the concepts of a free market and a free society, with the role of government limited to the provision of public goods. According to the 2019 annual report, sales were $ 2.1 million – practically nothing compared to some large environmental organizations. AIER sponsored the October 4th Great Barrington Declaration, written by notable epidemiologists (doctors) who questioned what they think is the excessive response of many governments to COVID-19. The opening statement of the declaration reads:

"As infectious disease epidemiologists and public health scientists, we have serious concerns about the harmful physical and psychological effects of applicable COVID-19 guidelines and recommend what we call focused protection."

The last paragraph reads:

Those who are not vulnerable should be allowed to return to normal immediately. Simple hygiene practices such as hand washing and staying at home when sick should be practiced by everyone to lower the herd immunity threshold. Schools and universities should be open to personal teaching. Extracurricular activities such as sports should be resumed. Young, low-risk adults should work normally and not from home. Restaurants and other shops should open. Art, music, sports and other cultural activities should be resumed. People at greater risk can participate if they so choose, while society as a whole enjoys the protection that those who have established herd immunity give the vulnerable.

It is now clear which groups are vulnerable and which are not. According to the October 23 report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:

“The total number of excessive deaths (deaths above average) from January 26 to October 3 ranged from a low of about 841 in the youngest age group (<25 years) to a high of 94,646 in adults aged 75 to 84 Years. However, the average percentage change in deaths during this period compared to previous years was greatest among adults aged 25 to 44 years (26.5%). Overall, the number of deaths in people under 25 years of age was 2.0% below the average and in adults between 45 and 64 years of age, between 65 and 74 years of age, between 75 and 84 years of age and ≥ 85 years of age, 14.4%, 24 , 1%, 21.5% and 14.7% each above average. "

The "excessive deaths" are strongly age-related and other diseases that weaken the immune system are often implicated. However, the signatories of the declaration were heavily attacked, including a Nobel Prize winner in chemistry who voiced “misconceptions” about COVID-19.

In defense of the sponsoring institute, author Joakim Book commented:

"Much of the outrage over AIER's sponsorship and direction of the Declaration had nothing to do with what the scientists said in it, or even with the issue of social disagreement that was captured in it."

Apparently, many critics of the declaration claim that it is downplaying the fictional "environmental crisis" that the UN and many of its supporters insist on. The United Nations and its supporters present hollow evidence, such as the CRED report discussed above, which is a collection of flawed analyzes. Basing politics on questionable evidence is folly; So criticizing other folly is anti-environmental protection? See links under Find Similarities, Science, Politics, and Evidence at https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6942e2.htm#:~:text=Overall%2C%20numbers%20of% 20 deaths % 20 below 14.7% 25% 20 above% 20 average% 2C% 20 each and

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Food inspection: A popular topic among the promoters of the "climate crisis" is food security, as the changing climate will destroy food production. As discussed in previous TWTWs, the US Global Change Research Program’s fourth US National Assessment found that US corn and soybean production will suffer from warming. However, the largest US export competitor for these plants is tropical Brazil. In 2019, Brazil fell to third place for corn, slightly less than Argentina

Starting this week, TWTW will have a new headline: "Changing Technology" to incorporate improvements in food production. Argentina announced that it would develop a drought-resistant wheat variety. However, no importing country has yet been approved. The main destination for Argentine wheat exports is Brazil. See link under Change Technology.

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Are you green? Politicians push green vehicles. But avoid the question: will they increase electricity demand? In California, the live system that provides electrical power (the grid) is already struggling to deliver most of the power when it is needed. The result is power outages as the sun cannot provide power in the late afternoon when the sunshine is waning.

Of great interest is what will happen when commuters come home and plug in their electric vehicles? The California Governor and Legislature ignore such difficulties, and regulated utilities see such problems in the fact that opportunities increase regulatory-approved costs, and thus profit centers, by allowing regulated utilities to increase their "tariff base" for permitted regulated profits. A game played at the expense of the general consumer.

In a related issue, energy expert Donn Dears discusses Elon Musk's Battery Day presentation in the following words:

“In his credit, Musk has put together an engineering team that identifies problems and then identifies solutions to those problems.

"During the Battery Day presentation, Musk's technical director summarized the following actions that he predicted would result in a 56% improvement in battery costs and 54% improvement in range." (Explained in the article.)

See alternative, green (“clean”) vehicles and Article 1

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Number of week: 251.9 million years ago. A paper published in Nature Geoscience claims a greenhouse disaster killed almost all life during the Permian-Triassic mass extinction some 251.9 million years ago. The claim of the "greenhouse disaster" is based on volcanic eruptions in which sulfur dioxide, which is very acidic, and carbon dioxide, which is slightly acidic, are released. This is not evidence that human carbon dioxide emissions will endanger life on this planet today. See links under Defense of Orthodoxy.

Comment: Is the sun rising?

New study finds a robust relationship between European temperatures and solar activity through AMO / NAO modulation

By Kenneth Richard, No Tricks Zone, October 22, 2020

Link to the paper: Decadal and multi-decadal natural variability in European temperature

From Horst-Joachim Lüdeck et al. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, September 1, 2020

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1364682620301115

Challenging Orthodoxy – NIPCC

Climate change covered II: Physics

Idso, Carter and Singer, lead authors / editors, Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), 2013

Summary: https://www.heartland.org/_template-assets/documents/CCR/CCR-II/Summary-for-Policymakers.pdf

Climate change reconsidered II: Biological effects

Idso, Idso, Carter and Singer, Lead Authors / Editors, Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), 2014

Summary: https://www.heartland.org/media-library/pdfs/CCR-IIb/Summary-for-Policymakers.pdf

Climate Change Covered II: Fossil Fuels

By multiple authors, Bezdek, Idso, Legates and Singer eds., Non-Governmental International Panel on Climate Change, April 2019

Free download:

Why Scientists Disagree with Global Warming

The NIPCC Scientific Consensus Report

By Craig D. Idso, Robert M. Carter and S. Fred Singer, Non-Governmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), November 23, 2015

Free download:

https://www.heartland.org/policy-documents/why-scientists-disagree-about-global-warming

Nature, not human activity, rules the climate

S. Fred Singer, Editor, NIPCC, 2008

Global Sea Level Rise: An Analysis of the Data

By Craig D. Idso, David Legates, and S. Fred Singer, Heartland Policy Brief, May 20, 2019

Challenging Orthodoxy

Economic "normalization" of catastrophe damage 1998–2020: literature research and evaluation

By Roger Pielke, Environmental Hazards, August 5, 2020

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17477891.2020.1800440?journalCode=tenh20

Tornado data shows that EM-DAT is worthless

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, October 23, 2020

A crisis looms in alarmist climate science

By David Wojick, CFACT, October 20, 2020

https://www.cfact.org/2020/10/20/crisis-looms-in-alarmist-climate-science/

(SEPP Comment: If one accepts that there was no equilibrium climate, then the pursuit of an equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) is a pursuit of a myth. A dynamic system is never in equilibrium. One has to establish upper limits for the influence of one certain physical event that can affect temperatures, and separating the extent to which humans contribute to such events from the influence of nature.)

Climate change is not the end of the world

By Michael Green, Quadrant, October 23, 2020

https://quadrant.org.au/magazine/2020/10/climate-change-is-not-the-end-of-the-world/

(SEPP comment: Review of Michael Schellenberger's Apocalypse Never.)

Challenging Orthodoxy – Nils-Axel Mörner and James Randi, R.I.P.

Professor Nils-Axel Mörner, 1938-2020

By Christopher Monckton of Brenchley, WUWT on October 19, 2020

A lullaby in memory of the late Professor Nils-Axel Mörner

By Christopher Monckton of Brenchley, WUWT on October 21, 2020

James Randi: The world's most famous skeptic and climate skeptic dies at the age of 92

(And wizard who recognized the IPCC's tricks)

By employees, GWPF, October 22, 2020

Link to: AGW Revisited

By James Randi, James Randi Education Foundation, December 15 2009

http://archive.randi.org/site/index.php/swift-blog/805-agw-revisited.html?utm_source=CCNet+Newsletter&utm_campaign=eafc20e145-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2020_10_22_12_28_COPY_10_22_12_28_COPY_10_22_12_28_COPY_0c4m4m_fe45_28_COPY_10_22_12_28_COPY_midc1c4m_fe45_28_COPY_revisited-

Defend Orthodoxy

The UN report shows a huge increase in climate disasters

Press release from Denis McClean, United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, October 13, 2020

https://www.undrr.org/news/drrday-un-report-charts-huge-rise-climate-disasters

Link to report: The Human Cost of Disasters: An Overview of the Past 20 Years (2000-2019)

According to employees, UNDRR / CRED, 2020

https://www.undrr.org/publication/human-cost-disasters-overview-last-20-years-2000-2019

How a greenhouse disaster killed almost all life

By Staff Writers, Potsdam, Germany (SPX) October 20, 2020

https://www.terradaily.com/reports/How_a_greenhouse_catastrophe_killed_nearly_all_life_999.html

Link to the paper: Permian Triassic mass extinction pulses triggered by major disruptions in the marine carbon cycle

By Hana Jurikova, Nature Geoscience, October 19, 2020

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41561-020-00646-4

WEF Covid-19 Great Reset: “Today's consumers don't want … goods and services for one reasonable price."

By Eric Worrall, WUWT, October 17, 2020

Questioning Orthodoxy

But if it's a science …

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Oct 21, 2020

Link to the test: The Dirty Dozen Tests of the Science on Global Warming

By Geoffrey Sherrington, WUWT, September 11, 2020

Financial experts say

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Oct 21, 2020

"Seriously. If you knew something that the financial markets didn't know, which affected billions of dollars in investment capital, you'd write paper and tell everyone, or to your broker (or your computer these days to have a conference call with your broker ). and yell & # 39; buy buy buy & # 39 ;. "

Is Mauna Loa really the best place to measure “global” CO2 levels?

By Kenneth Richard, No Tricks Zone, October 19, 2020

(SEPP Comment: This can be an appropriate location if the records are carefully kept. Additional NOAA observatories are in Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow) Alaska, the northernmost point of the US, American Samoa, central South Pacific and southern Pole Observatory.

Change technology

Argentina produces climate-resistant super wheat worldwide

It is hoped that the genetically modified culture will alleviate water stress and food shortages across the region

By Jordan Kelly Linden, The Telegraph, October 19, 2020

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/global-health/climate-and-people/argentina-produce-climate-resistant-super-wheat-world-first/#:~:text=Gene%2Dedited%20wheat% 20is% 20to, from% 20the% 20drought% 2Dresistant% 20crop.

Social benefits of carbon dioxide

Unexpectedly many trees populate the Western Sahara and the Sahel zone

By Staff Writers, Paris, France (SPX) October 16, 2020

https://www.terradaily.com/reports/Unexpectedly_large_number_of_trees_populate_the_Western_Sahara_and_the_Sahel_999.html

An unexpectedly large number of trees in the West African Sahara and Sahel

Martin Brandt et al. Nature, October 14, 2020

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2824-5

Problems in Orthodoxy

China as the Savior of Climate Change: The Triumph of Hope Over Experience?

By Tilak Doshi, Forbes, October 17, 2020

https://www.forbes.com/sites/tilakdoshi/2020/10/17/china-as-climate-change-savior-the-triumph-of-hope-over-experience/#66d346702ffc

Oxfam: Rich countries are failing to deliver on their $ 100 billion climate finance pledge

By Joe Lo, Climate Home News, October 20, 2020

"Almost 80% of climate finance comes in the form of loans that have to be paid back, adding to the debt burden of the poorest countries, according to poverty reduction activists."

(SEPP Comment: Will China Make The Difference In 2060?)

Climate campaigns appalled Worldwide shipping is allowed to grow

By Eric Worrall, WUWT, October 23, 2020

Macron at the last Brexit punishment with the threat of devastating Britain with an energy blockade

EMMANUEL MACRON confirmed that the EU would launch a devastating energy embargo on Britain if Boris Johnson refuses to give in to fishing.

By Oli Smith, Express, October 19, 2020

https://www.express.co.uk/news/politics/1349210/Brexit-news-Emmanuel-Macron-France-fisheries-energy-blockade-threat-EU-punishment-vn?utm_source=CCNet+Newsletter&utm_campaign=8a13cc92f4 EMAIL_CAMP10_COP_20_20_01_30 & utm_medium = email & utm_term = 0_fe4b2f45ef-8a13cc92f4-20137121 & mc_cid = 8a13cc92f4 & mc_eid = 2206e9995b

(SEPP Comment: So much of the UK is 100% non-fossil fuel.)

Hands up! Your fish or your stream. Macron threatens to cut the connection line to Great Britain

By Jo Nova, Your Blog, October 20, 2020

http://joannenova.com.au/2020/10/hands-up-your-fish-or-your-electricity-macron-threatens-to-cut-interconnector-to-uk/

I'm looking for common ground

Application for public nominations for authors and scientific / technical contributions as well as announcement of planned public engagements for the fifth national climate assessment

By NASA staff, Federal Register, Via WUWT, October 21, 2020

Climate catastrophe and sensible environmental protection

By Joakim Book, American Institute for Economic Research (AIER), October 22, 2020

How dangerous (or unusual) is a temperature rise of 2 ° C above pre-industrial levels?

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Oct 21, 2020

Science, Politics and Evidence

Delingpole; Nobel laureate Michael Levitt canceled due to coronavirus Wrongthink

By James Delingpole, Breitbart, October 20, 2020 (H / t WUWT)

https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2020/10/20/delingpole-nobel-winner-michael-levitt-cancelled-for-coronavirus-wrongthink/

Link to Great Barrington Declaration

From Dr. Martin Kulldorff, Sunetra Gupa, Jay Bhattacharya, October 4, 2020

What SAGE did wrong

By Mike Yeadon, Lockdown Skeptics, Oct 21, 2020 (H / t WUWT)

Scientific Advisory Group on Emergencies (SAGE) UK

Planners need to prepare for weather extremes – Met Office

From Paul Homewood, not many people know, October 22, 2020

(SEPP Comment: Hasn't this been done before? For example, trying to control the Mississippi after the catastrophic floods of 1734-35, 1788, 1809, 1825, 1844, 1851, 1874, 1882, 1891, and especially 1927?)

Review of current scientific articles from CO2 Science

Temperature-related excess mortality in twelve German cities

Huber, V., Krummenauer, L., Peña-Ortiz, C., Lange, S., Gasparrini, A., Vicedo-Cabrera, AM, Garcia-Herrera, R. and Frieler, K. 2020. Temperature-related excess mortality in German cities at 2 ° C and a higher degree of global warming. Environmental Research 186: 109447, doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2020.109447. 23 October 2020

http://www.co2science.org/articles/V23/oct/a10.php

"Given the above findings, policy makers should be concerned about cold (not hot!) Temperatures the most when trying to protect the public from temperature-related deaths."

Effects of CO2 on two grape varieties

Wohlfahrt, Y., Tittmann, S., Schmidt, D., Rauhut, D., Honermeier, B. and Stoll, M. 2020. The effect of increased CO2 on berry development and the bundle structure of Vitis cinifera L. cvs. Riesling and Cabernet Sauvignon. Applied Sciences 10: 2486, doi: 10.3390 / app10072486. October 21, 2020

http://www.co2science.org/articles/V23/oct/a9.php

"In summary, the scientists summarize their work and thus provide evidence that increased CO2 emissions have changed some grape and berry parameters without negatively affecting the fruit quality during berry development and the structure of the grapes." All in all, the alarmists seem to just have to accept the fact that increasing CO2 will improve the growth of these two grape varieties without compromising their quality. And that sounds like a very favorable result! "

A CO2-induced improvement in the temperature load on potato yields

Yubi, Y., Jun, L., Haiyang, N. und Xiuyun, Z. 2020. Kombinierter Einfluss erhöhter CO2-Konzentration und Klimaerwärmung auf Kartoffelertrag und -qualität in semi-ariden Regionen. Potato Research, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11540-020-09466-w. 19. Oktober 2020

http://www.co2science.org/articles/V23/oct/a8.php

„In Bezug auf den Kartoffelertrag, der ein Schlüsselparameter für die Ernährungssicherheit ist, haben Yubi et al. berichten, dass der Ertrag bei der Behandlung bei erhöhter Temperatur niedrig war, weil Kartoffelkulturen kühle Temperaturen bevorzugen, und dass die Erwärmung das Knollenwachstum einschränkt. Sie fügen jedoch hinzu, dass eine Erhöhung der CO2-Konzentration diesen Stress durch Verbesserung der Nettophotosynthese und der Effizienz der Pflanzenwassernutzung verbessert von Faktoren "führte zu einer größeren Anreicherung von Trockenmasse (und) fördert die Steigerung der wirtschaftlichen Erträge (für Kartoffelerzeuger)." Wie in Abbildung 1 gezeigt, waren die Erträge bei der kombinierten Behandlung mit erhöhter Temperatur und erhöhtem CO2 um 13% höher als bei der Kontrolle Behandlung und satte 60% mehr als die Behandlung bei erhöhter Temperatur. "

Modellprobleme

Wie wird das Wetter und das Klima im Nordwesten im Jahr 2050 sein?

Von Cliff Mass, Wetterblog, 18. Oktober 2020

https://cliffmass.blogspot.com/2020/10/what-will-northwest-weather-and-climate.html

(SEPP-Kommentar: Verwenden von Daten aus 50 Jahren zur Vorhersage (Vorhersage) von 2050 und 2100.)

Messprobleme – Oberfläche

Ist Mauna Loa wirklich der beste Ort, um „globale“ CO2-Werte zu messen?

Von Kenneth Richard, No Tricks Zone, 19. Oktober 2020

Wie der US-Temperaturrekord geändert wird (Teil 2)

Von Tony Heller, Sein Blog, 20. Oktober 2020

https://realclimatescience.com/2020/10/how-the-us-temperature-record-is-being-altered/

Neues Video: Wie sich der US-Temperaturrekord ändert (Teil 3)

Von Tony Heller, Sein Blog, 20. Oktober 2020

https://realclimatescience.com/2020/10/new-video-how-the-us-temperature-record-is-being-altered-part-3/

Newport, Arkansas hat seit 1891 einen Abkühlungstrend

Von Kirye, Tony Hellers Blog, 13. Oktober 2020

https://realclimatescience.com/2020/10/newport-arkansas-has-had-a-cooling-trend-since-1891/

Keine Erwärmung in Großbritannien?

Von Andrew Montford, GWPF, 20. Oktober 2020

"Es wäre also fair zu sagen, dass es im Mittelengland-Temperaturrekord seit 30 Jahren überhaupt keine Erwärmung mehr gibt."

Messprobleme – Atmosphäre

Wie wir die CO2-Hintergrundwerte auf Mauna Loa messen.

Von Pieter Tans und Kirk Thoning, NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory, aktualisiert im September 2020

https://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/about/co2_measurements.html

Klima ändern

Wenn es sich nur erwärmt hätte

Von Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, 21. Oktober 2020

Link zu dem in TWTW der letzten Woche enthaltenen Artikel: Aussterben von Homo-Arten in der Vergangenheit, verbunden mit einer erhöhten Anfälligkeit für Klimawandel

Von Pasquale Raia et al. Eine Erde, 15. Oktober 2020

https://www.cell.com/one-earth/fulltext/S2590-3322(20)30476-0?utm_source=EA

"Aber seine tatsächliche Autopsie zeigt, dass er an … was ist das? Globale Unterkühlung? Ja. Natürliche Kühlung hat es geschafft. Genau anders als heute. “

Kryosphäre verändern – Land / Meereis

Zehn Eisbären – sechs Erwachsene und vier Jungen – belagern einen festgefahrenen Müllwagen in der russischen Arktis

Von dem Reporter der Siberian Times, The Siberian Times, 20. Oktober 2020 (H / t WUWT)

https://siberiantimes.com/other/others/news/ten-polar-bears-six-adults-and-four-cubs-besiege-a-stalled-rubbish-truck-in-russian-arctic/

In der Ostantarktis ist es schrecklich kalt

Von Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, 21. Oktober 2020

Schmelzende Alpengletscher bringen archäologische Fundgräben hervor, aber die Uhr tickt

Von Nina Larson, Sion, Schweiz (AFP), 16. Oktober 2020

https://www.terradaily.com/reports/Melting_Alpine_glaciers_yield_archaeologic_troves_but_clock_ticking_999.html

Die norwegischen Gletscher weisen im Jahr 2020 einen überraschend kleinen Rückzug auf… „Der Nigardsbreen-Gletscher ist tatsächlich gewachsen“

Von P. Gosselin, No Tricks Zone, 18. Oktober 2020

Saures Wasser

Die Forscher widerlegen eine frühere Studie über die Auswirkungen der Versauerung der Ozeane auf das Verhalten von Korallenrifffischen

Von der James Cook University, 22. Oktober 2020

https://phys.org/news/2020-10-publish-rebuttal-prior-ocean-acidification.html

Methods matter in repeating ocean acidification studies

By Philip L. Munday, et al. Nature, Oct 21, 2020

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2803-x

Agriculture Issues & Fear of Famine

World wheat crop tips record: AMIS

By Staff, Grain Central, Oct 9, 2020

Sorry, Google News, Climate Change Is Helping End World Hunger

By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Oct 21, 2020

Ross Clark: Why is the UK copying the EU’s failed agricultural policy?

Bly Ross Clark, The Speculator, Vai GWPF, Oct 23, 2020

Lowering Standards

UK Weather To Become More Extreme- Met Office

By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Oct 17, 2020

Communicating Better to the Public – Exaggerate, or be Vague?

Tropical cyclones moving faster in recent decades: study

Press Release by University of Hawaii at Manoa, Phys.org, Oct 19, 2020 (H/t Bernie Kepshire)

https://phys.org/news/2020-10-tropical-cyclones-faster-decades.html

Link to paper: An increase in global trends of tropical cyclone translation speed since 1982 and its physical causes

By Sung-Hun Kim, et al. Environmental Research Letters, Sep 2, 2020

https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/ab9e1f

From the abstract: “These values correspond to a change of 5.9% and −5.6% during the analysis period for the mean TCTS and steering flow, respectively.”

Whatever it is, it’s climate change

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Oct 21, 2020

(SEPP Comment: Looking for the distinct human fingerprint – in the water?)

Communicating Better to the Public – Make things up.

De Telegraaf Misled By UN Disaster Report Researcher

By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Oct 20, 2020

“Van Loenhout should withdraw his false statement without delay, and admit that the UN report is fatally flawed.”

(SEPP Comment: Further examination of the deficient work promoted by the UN as “science.”)

A staggering rise in dishonesty

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Oct 21, 2020

“It’s revealing that the report itself refers to ‘events’ in the earlier period and ‘disasters’ in the latter. Because it’s not science, it’s propaganda in the worst sense of that word.”

See link immediately above

It’s Official: Solar Is the Cheapest Electricity in History

By Caroline Delbert, Popular Mechanics, Oct 22, 2020

https://www.popularmechanics.com/science/a34372005/solar-cheapest-energy-ever/

“The International Energy Agency (IEA) says the cost per megawatt to build solar plants is below fossil fuels worldwide for the first time.”

(SEPP Comment: How much do those megawatts cost at midnight?)

Communicating Better to the Public – Go Personal.

‘Death sentence on nature’: MEPs accused of turning European agricultural policy into ‘extinction machine’

‘There are no reasons to spend a third of the EU budget on industrial agriculture which drives biodiversity loss and worsens the climate crisis,’ says critic

By Jane Dalton, Independent, Oct 22, 2020

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/eu-agricultural-policy-cap-mep-vote-reform-farming-climate-change-extinction-b1226540.html

Communicating Better to the Public – Use Children for Propaganda

The Climate Cult’s Brat Brigade

By Tony Thomas, Quadrant, Oct 20, 2020

https://quadrant.org.au/opinion/doomed-planet/2020/10/the-climate-cults-brat-brigade/

Creepy Climate Conversations

By Donna Laframboise, Big Picture News, Oct 21 2020

Creepy Climate Conversations

Expanding the Orthodoxy

GE announces plan to be carbon-neutral by 2030

By Staff Power Engineering, Oct 19, 2020

https://www.power-eng.com/2020/10/19/ge-announces-plan-to-be-carbon-neutral-by-2030/#gref

Green Jobs

‘Green Recovery’ flop: Another UK wind farm deal collapses

By Staff, The Times, Via GWPF, Oct 22, 2020

‘Green Recovery’ flop: Another UK wind farm deal collapses

The Political Games Continue

The Biden-Harris Ticket Thinks Renewable Energy Is Carbon-Free

By Staff, Institute for Energy Research, Oct 19, 2020

Irish President Calls For Socialism To Fight Climate Change

By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Oct 22, 2020

Cap-and-Trade and Carbon Taxes

Irish farmers revolt: Carbon Tax rises a ‘vicious attack on rural Ireland’

By Staff, The Independent, Via GWPF, Oct 20, 2020

EPA and other Regulators on the March

Comments to EPA’s Proposed Aircraft GHG Rule Show Industry Support, Activist Opposition

By Ben Lieberman, CEI, Oct 23, 2020

https://cei.org/blog/comments-epa%E2%80%99s-proposed-aircraft-ghg-rule-show-industry-support-activist-opposition

Energy Dept. exempts quick dishwashers from existing efficiency standards

By Rachel Frazin, The Hill, Oct 23, 2020

https://thehill.com/policy/energy-environment/522471-energy-department-exempts-quick-dishwashers-from-existing

Energy Issues – Non-US

Malthusianism Reconsidered: Desrochers on Smil

By Robert Bradley Jr., Master Resource, Oct 22, 2020

“‘… Professor Smil’s breadth and depth of technical knowledge on anything remotely related to energy is truly astonishing. Idiosyncratic, he is a self-described ‘old-fashioned scientist’ who prefers ‘hard engineering realities’ to ‘interminably vacuous and poorly informed policy ‘debates.’’

Sorry Boris, But You Still Need Gas!

By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Oct 19, 2020

Dubai builds first coal power plant despite pledging lowest carbon footprint in the world by 2050

In the oil-rich nation of the United Arab Emirates, an unusual sight is rising in Dubai

Bly Staff AP, Via Independent, Oct 22, 2020

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/dubai-coal-fired-power-plant-electricity-renewable-energy-carbon-footprint-b1222381.html

Energy Issues — US

California’s energy nightmare is coming to Virginia

By Bonner Cohen, CFACT, Oct 18, 2020

https://www.cfact.org/2020/10/18/californias-energy-nightmare-is-coming-to-virginia/?mc_cid=04642f0434&mc_eid=ffd82d3222

Washington’s Control of Energy

FERC Carbon Pricing Policy Statement

By Roger Caiazza, WUWT, Oct 20, 2020

Oil and Natural Gas – the Future or the Past?

New Dawn Fades – Floating LNG Prospects Fizzle As Operational Issues Emerge

Bly Richard Platt, RBN Energy, Oct 22, 2020

https://rbnenergy.com/new-dawn-fades-floating-lng-prospects-fizzle-as-operational-issues-emerge

Nuclear Energy and Fears

US firm ‘aims to build a nuclear power plant’ in South Africa

What pandemic? An American investment group is looking to pump billions into South Africa, with one eye on a new nuclear power plant for Mzansi.

By Tom Head, The South African, Oct 18, 2020 (H/t GWPF)

(SEPP Comment: With a photo of emissions from an unidentified cooling tower blackening the skies. Could it be a cooling tower for a nuclear plant?)

Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Energy — Other

Environmental Rape Of Africa: Hamburg Power Plants Aim To Deforest Namibia For Power Plant Fuel!

By P Gosselin, No Trick Zone, Oct 20, 2020

Environmental Rape Of Africa: Hamburg Power Plants Aim To Deforest Namibia For Power Plant Fuel!

Germany’s biogas plants face bankruptcy

Video, DW, Oct 19, 2020 (H/t GWPF)

https://www.dw.com/en/germanys-biogas-plants-face-bankruptcy/av-55321525

(SEPP Comment: We need to use the technology no matter how expensive it is?)

Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Energy — Storage

Wisdom of hydrogen called into question

By Staff. Transport Xtra, Via GWPF, Oct 22, 2020

Wisdom of hydrogen called into question

“In other words, we are going to take very expensive electricity from offshore windfarms, use it to make hydrogen, which we will burn to make electricity again.”

How green hydrogen can become cheap enough to compete with fossil fuels

By Charles Rotter, News Release form University of South Wales, Via WUWT, Oct 17, 2020

(SEPP Comment: Crunching numbers is not the same as proof of concept! Note, AAAS EurekAlert! is changing policy and some links to it may not work.)

Alternative, Green (“Clean”) Vehicles

Musk Drives Ahead

By Donn Dears, Oct 20, 2020

Musk Drives Ahead

Germany on course for climate neutral flying

By Staff Writers, Berlin, Germany (SPX), Oct 15, 2020

https://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Germany_on_course_for_climate_neutral_flying_999.html

(SEPP Comment: Return of hot-air balloons using wood for fuel?)

Tesla to export China-made Model 3 vehicles to Europe

By Staff, Reuters, Oct 19, 2020

https://uk.reuters.com/article/tesla-china-exports/tesla-to-export-china-made-model-3-vehicles-to-europe-idUSKBN27425C

Carbon Schemes

Science is ready to save us, maybe

Guest Post by Ivor Williams, WUWT, Oct 19, 2020

AEP’s Carbon Capture Fantasy

By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Oct 20, 2020

AEP’s Carbon Capture Fantasy

California Dreaming

Restoring California’s forests to reduce wildfire risks will take time, billions of dollars and a broad commitment

By Roger Bales, University of California, Merced and Martha Conklin, University of California, Merced, WUWT, Oct 18, 2020

(SEPP Comment: The authors are professors of engineering.)

Why California’s Natural Gas Appliance Bans Are Bad Economic and Environmental Policy

By Nicolas Loris, the Daily Signal, Oct 8, 2020

Why California’s Natural Gas Appliance Bans Are Bad Economic and Environmental Policy

BELOW THE BOTTOM LINE

CNN: Climate Change is Driving Fatal Shark Attacks

By Eric Worrall, WUWT, Oct 20, 2020

Looking for a better neighborhood?

By Paul Robson, Climate Discussion Nexus, Oct 21, 2020

Looking for a better neighbourhood?

(SEPP Comment: Ten percent larger, more gravity, and 5º C (9º F) hotter?)

No, Climate Change Is Not Turning the Amazon into a Savannah

By Paul Homewood, Not a Lot of People Know That, Oct 18, 2020

No, Climate Change Is Not Turning the Amazon into a Savannah

ARTICLES

# 1 Utilities Wage Battle Over Charging Stations

By Rebecca Elliott, WSJ, Oct 19, 2020

http://ereader.wsj.net/?editionStart=The+Wall+Street+Journal

TWTW Summary: The reporter writes:

“Electric vehicles are widely seen as the automobile industry’s future, but a battle is unfolding in states across America over who should control the charging stations that could gradually replace fuel pumps.

“From Exelon Corp. to Southern California Edison, utilities have sought regulatory approval to invest millions of dollars in upgrading their infrastructure to prepare for charging and, in some cases, to own and operate chargers.

“The proposals are sparking concerns from consumer advocates about higher electric rates and oil companies about subsidizing rivals. They are also drawing opposition from startups that say the successors to gas stations should be open to private competition, not controlled by monopoly utilities.

“That debate is playing out in regulatory commissions throughout the U.S. as states and utilities promote wider adoption of electric vehicles. At stake are charging infrastructure investments expected to total more than $13 billion over the next five years, according to energy consulting firm Wood Mackenzie. That would cover roughly 3.2 million charging outlets.

“Calvin Butler Jr., who leads Exelon’s utilities business, said many states have grown more open to the idea of utilities becoming bigger players in charging as electric vehicles have struggled to take off in the U.S., where they make up only around 2% of new car sales. ‘When the utilities are engaged, there’s quicker adoption because the infrastructure is there,’ he said.

“Major auto makers including General Motors Co. and Ford Motor Co. are accelerating production of electric vehicles, and a number of states have set ambitious EV goals—most recently California, which aims to ban the sale of new gasoline-powered cars by 2035. But a patchy charging-station network remains a huge impediment to mass EV adoption.

“Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden has called for building more than 500,000 new public charging outlets in a decade as part of his plan to combat climate change. But exactly how that would happen is unclear. The U.S. has fewer than 100,000 public outlets, according to the Energy Department. President Trump, who has weakened federal tailpipe emissions targets, hasn’t put forward an electric-vehicle charging plan, though he backed a 2019 transportation bill that would have provided $1 billion in grants to build alternative fueling infrastructure, including for electric vehicles.

“Charging access varies widely by state, as does utility involvement, which can range from providing rebates on home chargers to preparing sites for public charging—and even owning and operating the equipment needed to juice up electric vehicles.

“As of September, regulators in 24 states had signed off on roughly $2.6 billion of utility investment in transportation electrification, according to Atlas Public Policy, a Washington, D.C., policy firm. More than half of that spending was authorized in California, where electric vehicle adoption is highest.”

The article then goes into political history over the past 20 years but ignores cost except saying Southern California Edison claims its program will:

“…increase the average residential customer’s bill by around 50 cents a month.”

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